The history of the area

Centuries-Old Heritage

Fanagoria Estate Winery is located in the historical viticultural region in the western part of the Taman Peninsula, between the Black and Azov Seas. It is the site of the ancient Greek polis of Phanagoria known since 6th century BC and named after Phanagor, a courageous leader of the Greek settlers.

In the 4th – 2nd centuries BC, Phanagoria was a major trade centre of the Kingdom of Bosporus, then the biggest state in the Northern Black Sea area. The dwellers of Phanagoria used to grow vine and make wine, as it is proved by archaeological findings of grape stones, measuring vessels, wine amphorae, and grape clusters engraved on Phanagorian coins.

Approx. a dozen of ancient wineries dating back to the 2nd century BC – 2nd century AD, have survived until now. One of them, found in direct proximity to the contemporary winery, will be reconstructed and thus available for all Fanagoria Winery visitors.

Having survived the invasion of nomadic tribes of the Goths and Huns, the polis of Phanagoria flourished till the end of the 14th century. During its history, he was the capital of Magna Bulgaria, one of the major cities of old Rus’ Tmutorokan Principality, until it was eventually destroyed – first by the troops of Barbarian tribes, and then – submerged in sea.

 The revival of Kuban winemaking took place in the last third of the 19th century. It was then that from France, classical grape varieties – Chardonnay , Sauvignon, Claret – would be imported to serve as the basis for future winemaking. Organization of Temriuk Winemaking Department was the following step to follow. By the beginning of the 20th century, Kuban became one of the winegrowing regions of the Russian Empire. Before World War I, its annual yields equaled to 16 million kg. Alas, no proper attention was paid thereafter until the 1950’s. So, only the opening of a new winery in the settlement of Sennoi (the future Fanagoria Estate Winery) became a landmark in the rebirth of the history of the local wines.